Understanding the Differences Between Class 2 & Class 3 Mobility Scooters

Understanding the Differences Between Class 2 & Class 3 Mobility Scooters

Wed May 15 2024

Understanding the Differences Between Class 2 & Class 3 Mobility Scooters

When exploring our range often customers will ask about the differences between Class 2 and Class 3 scooters. While the answer lies in their varying sizes, speeds, and terrain capabilities, the key to making an informed decision on which type to choose lies in carefully assessing your unique needs and circumstances. We've outlined the main considerations to keep in mind when determining which class of scooter is best for you. 

Terrain is usually the best place to start so let's examine the implications of pavement and road use and then explore the different features of Class 2 and Class 3 scooters.

Pavement Use

There is no requirement to have a licence or pass a test to operate a mobility scooter on the pavement.

The maximum speed limit on pavements is 4 mph.

Class 2 and Class 3 mobility scooters are allowed on pavements.

Mobility scooter users must be considerate of other pedestrians and give way to them, and parking is subject to the same restrictions as other vehicles - for example, scooters should not obstruct the pavement.

Road Use

You don’t need a driving licence or have to pass a test to operate a mobility scooter on the road but scooters must be registered with the DVLA if they are Class 3 (roadworthy) models.

The maximum speed limit for mobility scooters on roads in the UK is 8 mph.

Class 3 scooters are allowed on roads. Class 2 scooters are for the pavement only but you can use roads when there is no pavement available.

When using a mobility scooter on the road, users must abide by the same traffic rules and regulations as other vehicles, such as travelling in the direction of traffic, using lights at night, obeying traffic lights, signs, and signals, and yielding to pedestrians. They are not permitted on motorways, bus lanes, cycle-only lanes, or dual carriageways with a speed limit over 50 mph.

The Highway Code and local authorities can provide additional guidance on specific rules and regulations.

Once you’ve settled on whether you’ll be using a mobility scooter for the pavement, the road, or both, you should have a clearer picture of whether you’ll need a Class 2 or Class 3 mobility scooter. Here are some of the key features of both.

Class 2 Mobility Scooters

Class 2 mobility scooters (designed for pavement use) have a top speed of 4mph, which is just slightly faster than the average walking pace. They are generally smaller, lighter, and more compact than their Class 3 counterparts.

This makes them ideal for short trips, shopping excursions, or days out with family and friends. Due to their lightweight construction, many Class 2 scooter models are easy to store and transport in a vehicle. 

Class 2 scooters are not required to be registered with the DVLA.

Class 3 Mobility Scooters

Also known as "road scooters," or “6-8 mph road scooters”, Class 3 models are larger, more durable, and can travel at speeds up to 8 mph.

This higher speed capacity allows them to be used on roads, as well as pavements, making them ideal for longer journeys and covering greater distances.

They are equipped with features such as headlights, rear lights, indicators, a horn and rear-view mirrors to ensure safety on the road.

While Class 3 scooters are not subject to road tax or MOT requirements, they must be registered with the DVLA by completing a V55/4 form for new scooters or a V55/5 form for used models.


Insurance is not legally required to use a mobility scooter on either the pavement or the road but is strongly recommended, especially for road use.

Choosing the Right Scooter

Deciding between a Class 2 or Class 3 scooter largely depends on your specific needs and lifestyle. If you primarily need a scooter for short trips or occasional use, a Class 2 model may be the most suitable and cost-effective option.

However, if you’ll rely on your scooter as your main mode of transportation and need to cover longer distances, you might need to travel on the road and a Class 3 scooter may be the better choice.

Consider factors such as the terrain you'll be navigating, the distances you need to travel, and whether you'll be transporting the scooter in a vehicle. Class 2 scooters are ideal for flat, paved surfaces and easy storage, while Class 3 models can handle rougher terrain and provide greater range and speed for longer journeys.

For more detailed government guidance on the classes (which also apply to powerchairs) please click here.

If you are uncertain about which kind of mobility scooter best suits your needs, we recommend consulting with a qualified professional for personalised guidance. Our mobility assessors are here to assist you and provide expert advice throughout the process. Call us on 0800 025 8005 or click here to make an appointment to visit our showroom and explore our range.

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